Location, the population of Brest
- the administrative center of Brest and Brest district. Population - 315
thousand people. Brest is located 349 km
from Minsk, in the south-west, on the river Mukhovets where it flows into the river West
Bug, a state border with Poland. The area of the city - 145.26 sq.km.
History of Brest:
Ancient name of Brest - Berestye. The city was first mentioned in "The tale of bygone years" in the 1019 year in connection with the struggle between the great prince of Turov
and prince of Kiev Svyatopolk with his brother, while the prince of Novgorod, Yaroslav
(Wise) for the grand throne of Kiev.
Archaeological studies suggest that originated in Brest
territory occupied by Dregovichi - East Slavic tribal unions,
Berestey settlement existed in XI-XIII centuries, detinets founded at the turn of the X-
XI centuries. Now in its territory established Archaeological Museum "Berestye".
In the XI century Berestye -
old Russian trading center and fortress on the border with Polish and Lithuanian
possessions. The place, where was located the ancient Berestye, was at the intersection of
two ancient trade routes.
In the thirties of the XIX century at the confluence of the rivers
Bug and Mukhavets begin construction of the Brest Fortress, which was
become one of the links in the defensive zone of the nine forts erected on the
the western borders of the Russian Empire. A giant by the standards of the time building
wiped out the ancient Brest. At the same time it gave work to thousands of local
peasants and artisans, was the development of road network.
Economic activity of Brest:
Modern Brest - a large industrial and cultural center of
Belarus. It produces about a quarter of the output in the region. The most advanced are electrical and electronics industry. Was created the free economic "Brest".
Transportation communications of Brest:
Brest is an important transportation hub in the south-west of Belarus, and
also a significant transit point on the state border with Poland.
It has three customs terminals. Brest - a railway junction on the highway Moscow - Berlin, there are also directions in Kovel, Vysokolitovsk, Wlodawa. There are major freight terminals,
Through Brest hosts international car transport corridor E30 (Cork - Berlin - Warsaw - Brest - Minsk - Moscow - Chelyabinsk - Omsk), there are also roads to Kamenetz, Malaryta etc.
The border crossings "Warsaw Bridge" and "Kozlovichi" are located near Brest. 12 km to the east of the city is an international (since 1986 year) airport with the airport complex, the customs terminal and customs
warehouse. On the river Mukhavets operates river port of Brest.
Tourism potential of Brest:
Brest is an important cultural and historical centers of
Belarus. Among the monuments of architecture - the cathedral church (1856),
the St. Simeon Cathedral (1865), was also the railway station (1886), the town houses of the first half of the XIX
century. Brest - native land of the first hero pilot of Belarus Vladimir Kаrvat.
Network of cultural institutions of the city comprises 16 houses of culture and
clubs, and 3 movie theaters. Drama theatre and puppet theater works in Brest. The city held regional and international festivals:
international theater festival "White Tower", a festival of Belarusian
national cinema, the Festival of dramatic Art "Theater
Kaleidoscope", International Festival of Architecture and Interior Design "Under
roof of the house